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Keratoconus and ectatic diseases of the cornea represent areas of great interest for research and development in ophthalmology. The need for improvement to recognize lighter forms of the disease, as well as to document and identify its progression, has gained significant importance in recent years mainly due to the advent of refractive elective surgeries for visual laser correction in the cornea. The need to characterize the
predisposition or susceptibility to biomechanical decompensation and developing progressive ectasia has become imperative to prevent this rare but serious complication. Additionally, the advent of alternative surgeries to keratoplasty for patients with keratoconus and other ectatic corneal diseases has broken the paradigm of penetrating transplantation as the only effective surgical alternative.
This class provides a prospective review of the most recent
developments for diagnosis in cases of keratoconus and ectatic corneal diseases. The complementary multimodal propaedeutics will be highlighted.
Such information can be used for screening, diagnosis,
staging, classification, prognostic study, therapeutic planning and clinical follow-up of patients with keratoconus and other ectatic corneal diseases.